Betsy asks below, in Why Do Librarians Eat Their Young?, "why do practicing librarians insist on experience when hiring newly graduated librarians? This seems both impractical and cruel, doesn't it?"
Betsy raises some good points about practical training for law librarians, and in fact that is a major emphasis of the law librarianship program at the University at Buffalo. We do everything we can, short of tackling the students in the hallway and forcing them into a seat at the reference desk, to make sure that our JD/MLS students gain practical experience before they graduate. We do this in a number of ways:
(1) Practicums and internships. This semester we have two students in the MLS program doing practicums with us. We have also been able to place students in practicums in law firm libraries and the Erie County Law Library, and even, for one student who commutes from Rochester, in the Appellate Division Library, the largest court library in western New York. None of this is unusual; most library programs offer credit for practicums, but with a large program it can be hard for students to find a library that is willing and able to host them. That's why I have worked with my colleagues Jim Sahlem, Joan White, and David Voisinet to find practicum opportunites for students who want them.
What probably is unusual is the degree of support and encouragement the JD/MLS program receives from the Law School. Just as students in the MLS program are able to earn credit for practicums, students in the JD program are able to earn three credit hours for doing a law library internship. Requirements for both practicums and internships are similar: students focus their work in one department (most often Reference, but depending on interest and skills it may be in AV, computing services, or technical services), but also spend time observing in other departments. Students also complete a research paper or a project (such as a training manual for a department, or even a video tour), and give a presentation on the project to the law library faculty.
2) Graduate Assistantship. This is our second year of offering a graduate assistantship for an exceptionally qualified student in the law librarianship program. The Graduate Assistant works as an equal member of the Reference staff, staffs the library as the sole Reference librarian on Sundays, and works closely with faculty in our document delivery and research assistance service.
3) Mock Interviews. We are currently in the middle of our annual round of mock interviews. Since our dual-degree law librarianship program tends to attract students interested in academic law librarianship, we want to make sure that our students are prepared for the prospect of a day-long law school library interview. We have three students doing mock interviews this semester.
4) Teaching Legal Research. This is a course I am planning for next spring. Students will be able to take Law Library Administration in the fall, and Jim Sahlem's two-semester courses in Sources of Legal Information. Teaching Legal Research will be more like a clinical course. Students will do extensive reading on the ongoing debates about approaches to legal research instruction and adult learning theory. They will practice doing legal research instruction using a variety of methods, including classroom lecture, demonstration, and simulations, as well as web-based instruction--and even podcasting!
5) Individual Mentoring. An additional benefit of the extensive opportunities for practicums, internships, and graduate assistantships that we provide is that we--all of the law library faculty--are able to get to know the students and to learn their interests and talents. This enables us not only to advise them more effectively, it also makes it possible for us to give informed and detailed references.
6) Professional activity. We strongly encourage students to attend the regional ALLUNY meeting and the annual AALL meeting, and to take advantage CONELL and the Mentoring Program. We even provide financial support to enable students to attend AALL.
All of this is certainly a lot of work, but it is also extremely rewarding--both personally and in terms of the new ideas that students bring to the library--and a lot of fun.
Tuesday, January 31, 2006
Betsy asks below, in Why Do Librarians Eat Their Young?, "why do practicing librarians insist on experience when hiring newly graduated librarians? This seems both impractical and cruel, doesn't it?"
YOU ARE RULE 15!
You're a very helpful rule! You allow the attorney
to amend their complaint once as a matter of
course at any time before the answer is
filed, and also allow amendments in other
cases. If a claim relates back to the
original transaction or occurrence outlined
in the complaint, you can amend the
complaint, even though the statute of
limitations has run. Like a good friend,
you're always there to help out in a bind.
Which Federal Rule of Civil Procedure Are You?
brought to you by Quizilla
Posted by James Milles at 4:44 PM
There are a lot of law school director slots opening up. More still will come open in the near future, as the current tenants retire. We are actually looking at a wave of retirements and openings the likes of which has not been seen since the 1980s when many law schools initially upgraded their library directors to JD/MLS positions.
This might be a good time to consider what law schools should be thinking about when they hire a new director. Librarians think a lot about what we value in another librarian. But faculty members and deans who are not "professional" deans might never have had to consider this question. Be aware that the comments I make here are my opinions alone, but they are probably worth something. I have been a law librarian since 1986, and an active member in the national association and whatever regional association I lived near.
The jobs a law school needs its library director to do:
1. Run the library. Either the director needs to be a good administrator, or needs to hire a second-in-command who is. A good administrator needs to be able to:
a) Make decisions about books, databases, and other materials to purchase;
b) Balance the budget;
c) Manage and supervise the people assigned in the library, exercise
d) Oversee the facilities of the library, from rare books, to manuscripts to
archives to the pipes, bathrooms, photocopiers, ceilings, heating/AC, etc.;
e) Make long-term and short-term policies and procedures to keep the library
running smoothly and uproar-free;
f) Coordinate and cooperate with law school and university administrators;
g) Maintain the law school's interests with diplomacy and keep open channels of communication with deans while not overwhelming them with information.
2. Be an excellent faculty colleague. Ideally, the director would be a full member of the faculty and fully engaged in faculty activities, as an equal member. This works best if the faculty understand that the first job takes up a huge amount of what, for most of you, is unscheduled time. The director probably works 11 months of the year, while you are scheduled for 9 months. The director probably has 8 or more hours each day of management tasks, plus, if he or she accepts the task of teaching and scholarship, understand that these are added to an already full-time job.
3. Teaching -- I do like a director to teach. I can see it having an effect on the perception of faculty colleagues if the director does nothing but adminster the library. But to have a tenure-track post and make teaching, scholarship and administration of the library all 3 part of the mix, is a very hard job. I have done it, but am very grateful that my colleagues here at Suffolk understand that administration is the main job, and accept scholarship in librarianship and teaching in Advanced Legal Research as my contributions.
4. Scholarship -- Just as I said about teaching, scholarship contributes to the equality with fellow faculty. But I would slacken the number of articles, count library scholarship, and otherwise, give some credit for the burden of administering the library if that is the primary duty of your director. However, my scholarship very much informs my teaching and how I run the library. I also enjoy it very much. What a wonderful job to be able to combine three things I love! (Oh, plus I get to spend other people's money to buy books! And tell other people what to do -- how much better could a job get!! Oooh -- I think I broke the librarian's code. Don't read this part)
How do you pick the right person? Over and over I see faculty get excited about the school on the resume. Well, I guess the school you graduate from has something to say. But really, by the time you are director material, you have a lot more on the resume to judge by. I would say, instead, look at the accomplishments.
Look at whether the individual has come up through a series of increasingly responsible jobs. Or in the same job, has taken on increasing responsibilities. Look at outside committee and organizational work. Have they served in their professional organization? Have they been active in their university organization? That shows leadership, and leadership is something you want in a law library director. It also shows that they have been learning about how to get things done, and how to work with people and organizations.
You might also look to see if they already have some scholarship done, before it actually counts toward tenure. That would be a pretty impressive statement of how committed to scholarship this person is. Have they already had an opportunity to teach? How did they do? Have they already run a library? How did that turn out? That would be really good information. If you know people who know this person, ask about their reputation. Law librarians tend to know each other pretty well. It's actually a small world out here. Good luck! We all have a stake in getting the best directors into each library. Not everybody fits every school. It's a little like dating. You have to see who suits you, and whom you suit. When it's a fit, the situation is wonderful. Best wishes for a match made in heaven!
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 4:10 PM
I enjoyed this article by legal consultant Edward Poll, at Bloglines. He is looking at the issue from law office viewpoints, which is refreshing. He also comes down firmly on the KEEP the PAPER side. He, like me, thinks we are not yet ready to cut the paper umbilicus.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 2:26 PM
This is a tough question for me. I am care-taker kind of person; a sucker for a hard-luck story. But eventually, even a manipulative student who plays the sob-story card can push me too far. I do eventually come to the conclusion that I am not doing them any favors to keep reminding them about assignments, keep explaining things again. I also begin to feel that it simply is not fair to the other students who paid attention in the first place. They read the syllabus. They read the assignment. They did the work and got it done on time.
How fair is it for me to remind the wah-wah student more than twice? To explain things separately from what I give the rest of the class? Sometimes, it helps me put things into perspective to listen to my daughter vent at home. She is a high school student, but she works really hard, and gets really ticked off at the students who expect a free ride. Especially when they manage to get one.
So the tough question is always, how much is legitimate confusion and need for clarification on the student's part? And how much is looking for a free ride? They just haven't bothered to pay attention in class or read the syllabus. Or perhaps, they are learning disabled and I don't know it. Tough call!
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 12:00 PM
Today from the always insightful (and beautifully written) Body and Soul:
Many years ago, in a college poetry class, I heard a professor, and a good poet in his own right, struggle to keep William Butler Yeats from being seriously misunderstood. He was reading Lapis Lazuli aloud -- a firm believer that the only way to read poetry is aloud. There's truth in the sound, even the taste, of a word. You have to give him credit for reading these words aloud to a class of freshman:
I have heard that hysterical women sayA few random snickers from some guys who apparently shared the antipathy to gay poets....
They are sick of the palette and fiddle-bow.
Of poets that are always gay,
The poet says that he's afraid that word has been lost to us. And it was such a good word, too. Gay. There's nothing to replace it. Cheap and transitory happiness can't compare to lost gaiety. He says he may have to give up teaching Lapis Lazuli for awhile. WBY is long buried, and the "hysterical women" (mostly frat boys, actually) prevailed. Poets could no longer be gay -- at least not in the sense that Yeats meant.Yesterday's New York Times put me in mind of that old class. I'm afraid we're losing another good word -- democracy -- and I remember that thirty-year-old sense of loss. There's nothing to replace it.
Sunday's Times carried on its front page a wonderful article on Haiti, one of the best things I've ever read in a mainstream paper. It focuses on the role of the International Republican Institute -- and when they say Republican, they mean Republican -- in overthrowing Jean-Bertrand Aristide....
The meaning of the word "democracy" was pretty dicey even two centuries ago, and it's gotten kicked around especially badly the past five years. But at this point I don't think it's left with even a shred of meaning.
Posted by James Milles at 9:46 AM
Monday, January 30, 2006
Episode 013 is up. This is a special all-interview podcast. First I talk with Tim Kearley, Professor of Law and Director of the Law Library, University of Wyoming College of Law. He has recently won an AALL Research Grant for a project to digitize a unique translation of Justinian's Code. After that I chat with our new Canadian Correspondent, Connie Crosby , who explains the recent Canadian elections.
Posted by James Milles at 10:33 PM
From a discussion on law-lib listserve; thanks to Mary Whisner! And thank you, Evan Schaeffer. Why should I not be surprised?
A lawyer offers advice on how to give research assignments to junior lawyers:
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 12:56 PM
I looked at Dennis Kennedy's blog and was quite taken with his comments on metadata. Apparently the embarrassing discoveries made through inadvertent "signatures" left in metadata in various documents lately have attorneys really nervous. The Vioxx case where the changes to the article just before it went to press, traced to the pharmaceutical company's computers, were a case of metadata biting the author. The case of the authors of a supposedly anonymous memo criticizing Alito being fingered as DNC members and the memo being proved written before Alito was nominated -- metadata strikes again. So, there are lots of CLE programs suddenly about metadata and how to understand what it is and avoid having it bite you in e-discovery.
I have already mentioned metadata tags in my Advanced Legal Research class in connection with Segment searching in Lexis and Field searching in Westlaw. I think I will shoe-horn in a little more discussion about metadata. This is something newly minted law students ought to have heard about.
Metadata just means information (data) about other information. So these are tags to manage other information. Librarians began using metadata tags when we began electronic cataloging. There are "fields" or codes that have to be filled in to describe the book's title, author, size, subjects and more. Those can all be searched by the computer as separate items. So when you use the computer catalog, you can search by author, or title, or subject, or a new combination called "key word" that lets you search words out of titles, subjects and describtive note fields.
Metadata can likewise mean in Westlaw or Lexis, similar codes that the company workers enter to note the style of the case, the date, the court, the judge, the headnotes, the text, etc. And each of those "fields" or "segments" can be separately searched if you either use the Lexis or Westlaw form to fill out or use the command:
da(1992) [in Westlaw, for example, search for a document dated 1992]
DATE(1992) [in Lexis, search for document dated 1992]
Metadata can appear in Word or other word-processor brand documents or PDF files produced from those documents or in Power-point documents. Most simply, the software will list who it thinks produced the document -- whose computer was used. It will list the date it believes the document was produced, and when changes were made. If you have the "Track changes" function turned on -- good for collaboration -- it will keep track of changes and who made them, when. This can be good for your collaboration, but potentially embarrassing if the document gets into the wrong hands. You just have to be aware that these tags exist, know where to look for them [read the short article in the link above!] and THINK before you release documents.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 11:30 AM
Sunday, January 29, 2006
Well, metaphorically. I promise, I have never actually done more than nibble the toes of my own children and then just when they were little babies. By now, they are plenty big enough to swat me down if I tried to even take a lick. My question is really, why do practicing librarians insist on experience when hiring newly graduated librarians? This seems both impractical and cruel, doesn't it?
We want to hire librarians who understand enough about how libraries work in a practical way that we won't spend a long time getting them up to speed. Unfortunately, library schools, by and large, do not seem to have found a way to incorporate that into their training, any better than law schools have. Perhaps an internship period would help? Jim, other library educators out there -- do you have comments about this? There is a real learning curve, and many of us wish to avoid it when we hire. This is sad and unfair to the newly minted librarian, but it is also hard on the hiring library to fill a gaping hole with an underprepared librarian. We are all understaffed and over-stretched. It is asking a lot of our existing staffs to add this much training to their tasks.
Several times, in comments sections of this blog, the question has come up from newer librarians. How can we possibly expect them to come to us with experience when they have just finished library school? Well, there are several ways to accomplish this, but clearly not every library school student can do this. Here are my thoughts on how to get real library experience before you hit the job market:
1) If you are able to get a full-time (best), part-time or even temp job working in a library while you are a library school student, this would be ideal. At many universities, if you work there, either immediately, or sometimes, after a certain period, you qualify for tuition remission. This means you can take a certain number of classes for free.
This would mean you would go slower through library school, but heck, you would be getting more out of it. I truly believe this. I have observed that colleagues who took library school during or after working in libraries, even at clerical jobs, seemed to get far more out of the classes than did I, who went in cold. You would graduate with little or no debt. And you would come out with much better job prospects. You would have that desired library practical experience. We do not specify that you have to have been a librarian; we just want you to have spent time working at something more than a volunteer or student level position in a library. When you work at more than those levels, you see and understand libraries and how they work in a much different way. That is what we are looking for. It can't be taught by theory or explantion in a classroom.
2) Work at your University in a Graduate Assistanceship in the library. That is going to be a different level of expectation than just hiring a student worker. If you can get one of these slots, and you really take it seriously, the reference you get from the librarian can be a good asset.
3) Look for other opportunities that allow you to really work in a library, not just to "help out." That is, if you can volunteer to create a library or run it for your church or charitable organization, that seems like a different level of work than volunteering at an existing library and just helping out. What we are looking for is a level of understanding, but a bit of enterprise is welcome, too.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 12:45 PM
I have learned that this is not just Chinese New Year. All over Asia, people celebrate this as the biggest holiday of the year. It is called lunar New Year because it is calculated by the first full moon after the winter's solstice. And I think, because it removes the Chinese ethnicity confusion. It is celebrated in many other countries and by many non-Han and non-Chinese people.
This is the year of the Dog, according to the Asian astrology charts. If you want to read more about this, go to Wikipedia to read about the Lunar New Year, and follow fun links to information about the Year of the Dog. A few surprising people who were born in previous years of the Dog are Bill Clinton, and George W. and Laura Bush, as well as Elvis Presley and Sylvester Stallone. That's pretty diverse if you ask me.
There are exciting celebrations if you are lucky enough to live in a city with a large Asian population, like San Francisco, Boston/Quincy, or New York. At our law school, our Asian Law Student organization puts on a celebration as well. Pretty cool, very fun and educational, too.
This great photo of a dragon dancer is courtesy of http://www.skphoton.com/albums/Chinese-Dragon-Dance/Front_of_Dragon_2.jpg
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 12:33 PM
Saturday, January 28, 2006
Tomas A. Lipinski, J.D., LL.M., Ph.D., Co-Director and Associate Professor, Center for Information Policy Research, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and Neal Schuman Publishers, Inc., proudly announce a new series addressing the legal issues faced by librarians, information professionals and educators-The Legal Advisor for Librarians, Educators, and Information Professionals.
Dr. Lipinski and Neal-Schuman Publishers invite quality proposals from prospective authors in the areas of First Amendment issues (access to facilities, displays, censorship, etc.), privacy and USA PATRIOT Act concerns, copyright issues, ADA compliance, donor relations, the legalities of digital libraries and archives, and any related topics of interest.
From Beyond the Job
Posted by James Milles at 11:15 AM
Police and FBI officials rushed to the Newton (Mass.) Free Library January 18 after determining that an alleged threat against Brandeis University had been e-mailed from one of the library’s computers. But Library Director Kathy Glick-Weil and Newton Mayor David Cohen were adamant that law-enforcement officers comply with state privacy law and obtain a search warrant before they seized the equipment.See the full story here.
Glick-Weil told American Libraries that about 15 police officers visited the library, including three FBI agents who “tried to convince us to let them have the computer,” one of some 20 on the library’s second-floor information technology center, without a warrant. The mayor worked with U.S. attorneys in getting the authorization, and the FBI returned to the library with the papers around 11:30 that night after the library had closed. Glick-Weil said they took three of the library’s public computers.
Posted by James Milles at 10:38 AM
I recently discovered quite by accident the power of laughter to help erase that awful tendency of the mind to dredge back up those painful, embarrassing moments when you think you might die. The very worst moments may require laughing quite hard with really trusted friends and loved ones on more than one occasion. But it is quite remarkable how it just removes the thorn and the poison from the wound.
Perhaps all you wise readers out there knew this long ago. If so, I am sorry to waste your time. I actually heard something to this effect twenty years ago. But it was not quite the same thing and I certainly did not process it the same way. When I went to my first AALL, the speaker at CONNELL (program for newer law librarians) was Bob Berring. He told us that his uncle always said, "Whatever doesn't kill you, makes a darned good story." This is almost but not quite what I am talking about. It does explain a lot about how fearless Bob always was in his career; how he could just try things and not be afraid of failing or embarrassing himself. He actually had this method down from the start, I guess.
In fact, I only need this for extreme embarrassment situations. Like the other day, teaching in front of my class. I laughed in an explosive way at something, and out exploded an audible fart. OOOH, talk about dying a thousand deaths. Nobody really reacted, so I can hope that the laugh actually covered everything. But still, sheesh! It's very hard to carry on, and to go back and face a class if you have a dialog in your mind about what people are thinking about YOU!
My miraculous discovery was that by telling my husband and laughing with him about it; And then calling a dear friend and telling her and laughing with her about it; Now the thorn is drawn from my mind. And I hope there will be no poison festering there. So the next time I stand in front of that class, I won't be worrying about anything but teaching (I hope!).
Ordinarily, it's enough for me to tell myself that nobody else but me is worrying over X (my uneven hem, my smudged glasses, my mis-spoken word). And that usually is enough for me to let go of worries about what other people think of me. It probably doesn't matter if it's true, either. The other thing I tell myself is that if they are worrying about it, they need to get a life!
This wonderful poster of Androcles pulling the thorn out of the lion's paw is from posters created by the WPA project in the USA for a play written by George Bernard Shaw, with a Black production.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 8:23 AM
Friday, January 27, 2006
Today is Mozart's 250th birthday. Whatta guy! While Amadeus was a terrific play and movie, there seems little doubt that he died young of natural causes, probably rheumatic fever. I never quite liked the insane way that Tom Hulce played him in that movie. Poor Salieri! Tarred forever by that play and movie. Take a look at Wikipedia and this terrific aging but (gee, the guy's dead, how much new stuff is happening) website: http://www.mozartproject.org/ . If I hear a piece of classical and it sweeps me up, I can just about count on it being Mozart. (Beethoven sometimes fools me in his quiet pieces, though!). Hope you are happy, Wolfgang Amadeus! This painting of Mozart at age 21 in Bologna, is from Wikipedia.org.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 9:41 AM
Thursday, January 26, 2006
Here is a really dangerous question for me to ask. Sort of like a sword swallower with hiccups. (This picture of a daring sword-swallower comes from a website devoted to the dying (hah!) art: http://www.swordswallower.org/swordswallowing.html). There are two parts to the question. Why have specialized libraries for law? And why do law schools still need libraries? They are both linked, and both are very dangerous to things I hold dear.
Why have specialized libraries?
There is a very nice article in Law Library Journal dealing with the founding of the American Association of Law Libraries If I recall, the main impetus seemed to be the feeling that legal researchers were not well served in general libraries, and that legal materials were not well-understood by general librarians. That may not have been fair, but since the explosion of legal publications in the century since, it is probably more true now than ever. Who can keep up with the changes in print: looseleafs, newsletters, new titles and new editions? Things change more rapidly all the time, and the online services keep adding and changing features. Having specialized librarians undoubtedly helps for reference, research and acquisitions management.
I recently heard a lawyer who visited a university in Europe talk about trying to use an integrated library where the law materials were mixed into the general collection. He said that being in a different country was not a problem -- he spoke the language fluently. But the integrated library drove him nuts. Unfortunately, our discussion did not reach a point where I could understand if his irritation really could be analyzed better than that or could be chalked up to "he was used to a different organization in his home library." I do think it helps to have the materials close together, but a subject organization, like Dewey or Library of Congress may well achieve that as well as a physically separate library. After all, the Library of Congress call number system relegates all the law materials to the K classification. So, sadly, I am not able to do more than voice my personal opinion that specialized librarians make a big difference, and therefore, a specialized library is good.
Do Law Schools Still Need Libraries?
Yes! I answer resoundingly. Here are the roles that the Law Library fulfills in my Law School:
* Teaching lab - We still have the entire 1-L class tour through the Library and each year, have 3 hands-on workshops often enough that each 1-L student participates in each one through the Suffolk version of LRW. We teach them on Digests, Statutes and Shepards. When Rick Buckingham pioneered these, the professor he worked with and her students were so impressed with the difference it made in their understanding of how to do the research compared with what they got in classrooms. We also teach most of the Lexis and Westlaw classes, cranking through all the 1-Ls in each, and offering specialized versions. The LRW teachers also meet their classes in the library for difficult assignments.
* Study Area - We purchase lots of study aids for the students (of course), and 2 copies of every required textbook, as well. At exam time, we hand out a hundred dollars worth of hard candy each semester and disposable ear plugs as well. Of course, like every other law school library, we offer extended hours during the exam reading period.
* Social Area -
(a) Students and other users
Every librarian knows that an awful lot of social activity goes on in the library. (Some more hanky than panky. I don't know what there is about reading law that seems to stir up some folks' libido. We actually added windows to the study room doors!) But, less hank-ful activities, too. There are soft-seating areas around tables where groups of students naturally congregate and chat. There are the study rooms, where we actually encourage groups of students to talk and work together. Teams and study groups and friends meet in the library to work on projects, study together or plan things. We all know that Bill and Hillary Clinton met in Yale's law library. I imagine a lot of legal couples did. And of course, there are the ubiquitous cell phones. These may actually count as anti-social, though, in the library.
(b) Faculty and Deans
I host a Faculty Tea every fall. This is quite the affair. I bake scones from a recipe I adapted myself. I shake cream til it's nearly butter. I bring in home-made jam. I have china tea-pots and make fresh tea. We have a very beautiful room with a lovely view of the Boston Common on the top floor of the library, that is set aside for parties. The good thing is it brings faculty into the library who might not otherwise come. I invite the reference librarians so they meet, face-to-face, the folks who have been helping them. They walk through a beautiful library, past shelves of books (even if they don't use them). And they have a beautiful, civilized, break, and attribute it all to the LIBRARY.
* Research Area - Gasp! Some people still do research in the library! There are a good fifteen or so professors who pop in fairly regularly for research here. And far more who ask the librarians to do research for them. This has been one of the library's services that has increased in usage most since I have been here. There used to be perhaps six users and only two heavy users. Now there are twenty-five regulars and of those probably six qualify as heavy users.
* Teaching Resources - Librarians will come to classes on request to teach students about research on a topic. On occasion, a librarian has continued throughout a course, nearly co-teaching it at the professor's request. The Director of the library does teach Advanced Legal Research and has co-taught Tax Research and Practice with a tax professor. Reference librarians prepare bibliographies for deans and for professors. They will also prepare webographies and other handouts for professors on research resources or techniques.
* Purchasing/Budget Management/Problem Solving - We buy the books, make sure the databases are there, CDs are available when faculty want them, reserves are all fixed, and buy stuff for faculty offices. And we make sure they KNOW we do it. Not too obtrusively, but we don't make it too invisible, either. And if they have any problems -- they get a bill sent direct to them (horrors!), or they don't get the pocket part, or whatever, WE MAKE IT RIGHT. A phone call. We make it right. But we also make sure they know IT WASN'T OUR FAULT. AND WE ARE THEIR FAIRY GODMOTHER. IF THEY ARE NICE, WE ARE NICE. (at least, I hope they understand that). I have a fabulous staff in acquistions and all of technical services right now. That is who takes care of all this and makes all this stuff work. That group is very important! We want the dean and the university to know that we will take care of the budget as well as we can (boy is that hard these days!), while the faculty feel like we will get them anything they need (boy is that hard these days).
So, do YOU think the law school could get these things done without a law library? Do you think they could get these services from the university library? Do you think they would be smart to save money and just count on Westlaw and Lexis and close us up? I hope I've convinced you that there is more to a law school library than just finding a case.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 7:54 PM
Come learn from a past master! In law school, at exam time, I would wax floors and bake cookies rather than study. It was the only time in my entire life that I ever waxed a floor! My husband used to love exam time.
I am actually using my blog (don't you love it?) to avoid finishing some work which I really have to get done. Oh, but it's so boring. So, I just have to post something on the blog today. MMMM. All those folks out there counting on me.
Well, we can pretend they're out there, can't we? Work avoidance comes first! This dynamite image of scrubbing floors comes from Project Gutenberg:
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 4:53 PM
Wednesday, January 25, 2006
Now that Betsy has neatly disposed of legal theory (ha!), let us look at legal education. We are all about to discover just how badly acculturated she is!
My maternal grandfather was a lawyer, from a long line of lawyers, in a small town in Indiana. His ever-so-great grandfather had been designated a lawyer in the then territory merely by virtue of being the only man around who could read and write (as it was explained to me), and I supposed, people trusted him. He was a Quaker, in case that affected trust.
For a number of generations, father trained son, by "reading the law" in the office. They collected the statutes (such as were published) and such reports of decisions as could be gotten. And circuit judges rode through periodically to hold court.
By my grandfather's generation, there were law schools. I believe he was the first in his family to attend law school, with his brother. He did not really want to be a lawyer, but his father expected it of him. It was the family business, and one evidently did not disappoint that father. So rather than be a draftsman, my grandfather went to law school. He entered the family law office, and took whatever cases presented themselves. He was apparently quite unhappy at first. But, with time, he was able to specialize in trusts and estates, and liked his practice much better.
Why did law schools develop? Was there a sort of need for fairness in access to training in law that was blocked by the apprenticeship method? I do not think this is true. Abraham Lincoln, a young man of poor means and no family was able to read the law, and most law schools until the last half of the 20th century really did not welcome people of color, Jews, women, or Catholics.
So, why did law schools develop? A quick scan for an article that summarizes the development of legal education in the United States finds a number, but I really enjoyed reading Searching for Context: A Critique of Legal Education by Comparison to Theological Education, by Professor Melissa Harrison, 11 Tex. J. Women and the Law 245 (Spring, 2002). I had never heard, instance, that the first private law school in America was founded as early as 1784! It was Litchfield, I presume in the Connecticut town of that name. The students continued studying much like the apprenticed lawyers, but worked in groups. They had a teacher who interpreted what they observed in their daily practice. Harrison, at 246. It sounds to me a lot like an guided externship.
It was in the 1800's that law schools grew out of universities, like Harvard. I found many articles celebrating the centennial of individual law schools and detailing their own histories. It was Harrison's article that analyzed the development across many universities. She saw affiliation with research universities as building the idea that legal training should be theoretical just as other disciplines at universities are. Harrison, 246. We all know stories of Dean Langdell at Harvard. His insistence on aligning legal education with science education, and philosophy was meant to make teaching law seem more theoretical and more like a classical science. Langdell's talk of laboratories and Socrates and case method are the most extreme apotheosis of the push to align law with other theoretical disciplines at universities.
Interestingly enough, the American Bar Association, which issued the MacCrate Report in 1992, calling for more skills-based training in law school, did the same thing much earlier. Harrison records the A.B.A. protesting that the case-method of study alone was poor preparation for legal practice in 1921. Harrison, at 246. Such criticism continues and had resulted in developments such as Legal Research and Writing curricula, Law Clinic, Internships and Externships and other skills courses. Law schools, bar members and other observers continue to observe the disconnect between legal education and the needs of the practicing bar. It is a common observation that a recent graduate from law school will not know how to "find the courthouse door." My own experience was that the first year after law school required more intensive learning and was far more stress-filled than any year of law school, including 1-L.
It would be interesting to ask my grandfather what he thought of those first years after he began practice. I know he did not like the multi-tasks, but I am not sure if his unhappiness was that he disliked the jobs or clients or that it was stressful because he did not feel confident yet. Perhaps a mix. Maybe things were not so different and just not so well-reported.
So, to the original question, and exactly how rude is Betsy willing to be? How much is she willing to bite the hand that feeds her? This is, I am afraid, rampant speculation, on my part. I believe law schools developed in tandem with bar examinations and bar associations. The need for some sort of accrediting process, some agency to oversee in a more official way the education and give imprimatur that the fledgling lawyer was good enough was probably what drove the development of all three things. As soon as one state developed one or another or more, other states felt pressured to follow suit. Who would not want to step into the modern age and assure their citizenry that their attorneys were as certifiable as the milk and meat? If I am not mistaken, this was long about the same time that food certification was beginning to develop, too, as well as certification of other professions.
On the other hand, what a wonderful gig for all of us! I am afraid to let too much cat out of the bag, but you, the viewer, have but to open your eyes and think with your own brains to realize that law schools not only are good for training law students. They are WONDERFUL for housing law professors and law librarians and all the affiliated people. That's probably enough said.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 1:31 PM
And speaking of saints, while I was plowing through that prayer of St. Patrick's for that Pink Invocation the other day, I noticed that the Saint gives credit to lots of others for his simplest accomplishment. In the early parts of the prayer, "I arise this day through ..." begin a long catalog of everybody that Padraigh believes helped him get up today, from Christ, to angels, to the sun and moon, wind and fire. It's a very medieval prayer, but worth contemplating for this:
No one of us accomplishes a single thing in our lives by ourselves.
In America, since the rise of the penny-dreadful novels that romanticized the Wild West, we have created a mythology of the self-made man, who acts alone. We believe that he and he alone (never a woman, and nearly always white) is responsible for his success or tragic failure.
This is demonstrably a load of hooey. Just as much as the mis-spoken idea that we are all equal, this is at the heart of the American mythology, and it is a mistake of the original credo. We all have the same rights under the Constitution, and should be treated the same under the Law. We have the same opportunity to succeed to the limits of our native ability; we are not equal. We are not starting from the same starting line in the race of life. Some of us inherited better brains. Some inherited better looks. Some inherited better bodies and reflexes. Some were better treated and trained and educated as children. Some have more inherent drive and ambition. And some of us arrive with more wealth, and are taught how to manage it.
None of those things make us EQUAL. And none of those things come from us alone. We get those things from generations before us, whether we are speaking of genetics or wealth, or teaching, or even ambition. Even just the help of friends and neighbors as we grow up and live makes a difference. If you lived in a close-knit, loving family or in a distant, unloving one; if you grew up in a supportive neighborhood or town, or a part of town where everybody minds their own business, it makes a difference in you.
All the people in your life, are lifting you up. I arise this day, by the power of the loving, caring and kind people in my life. I arise this day throught the light of the sun, brilliance of the moon, splendor of fire, speed of lightning, swiftness of wind, depth of sea, stability of earth, firmness of earth, firmness of rock.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 7:28 AM
Tuesday, January 24, 2006
From The Green Knight
I could go for that:
NEW YORK - Episcopalians from a church where the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall worshipped are asking their denomination to name him a saint.
Marshall, who died in 1993, was a towering figure in the civil rights movement and the first black justice to sit on the nation's highest court.
Members of St. Augustine's Church in Washington, D.C., will seek initial approval for the honor Friday from delegates to the convention of the Episcopal Diocese of Washington....
If approved, Marshall's name would be added to the Book of Lesser Feasts and Fasts, a primary worship book for the New York-based denomination. A feast day in his honor would be celebrated May 17, the anniversary of his victory in Brown v. Board of Education....
Criteria for Episcopal sainthood include whether the nominee was an 'extraordinary or even heroic' servant of God and whether the person served humanity on behalf of Christ, according to the worship book.
Among other contemporary Episcopal saints are the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Florence Nightingale.
Posted by James Milles at 2:54 PM
Am I feeling ambitious this morning or what? Too much sunshine.
I have never felt comfortable with the Natural Law theory that we are uncovering something that existed before there were humans. I truly believe that Law is fundamentally a human construct. We build it in harmony with our society, as a tool of those in power. Kings and now governments of all types create law as a tool to help them govern. Tax law extracts and redistributes wealth. Conscription law does essentially the same thing with human beings instead of money; it gives the government bodies to spend.
As you can see from the above paragraph, I do not necessarily believe that there is any connection at all between law and justice or law and morality. Law does not necessarily achieve any kind of good for the populace at large. It is a tool first and foremost of the governing people, and one needs to understand that. When clever, well-intentioned lawyers work hard, sometimes, they can make the Law work for the individual person, and not for those intended by the government. However, at its best, Law achieves Justice. When it does that, the law and government achieve the consent of the governed.
When a government subject to election by the populace fears that it is losing the consent of the governed, it must follow one of several courses. It must re-organize its government and laws to better meet the approval of the majority of the governed. If it is not willing or able to do this, it must either
1) exercise leadership such that the governed are willing to hold their disapproval in abeyance (Think of Franklin Delano Roosevelt or Winston Churchill in World War II, asking for huge personal sacrifices from their populations); or
2) distract the majority of the populace such that they lose track of their anger at the government. My opinion is that this is the course chosen again and again by the current Bush administration. I suspect I can think of nice examples from most presidents during my lifetime (sigh), but I am most angry at the current administration, aided and abetted by the media, and our Congress.
We are a self-governing people, the most free in all of history. We supposedly have the power to sweep away our government. Wendell Phillips, abolitionist and orator said, "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty." I think we got distracted. Better start paying attention. We are losing our country. We are losing our laws.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 12:40 PM
Monday, January 23, 2006
Dan Filler, writing in Concurring Opinions: Confessions of a Stack Rat:
(Hat tip to Joe at Law Librarian Blog.)
I've been thinking a lot, recently, about the purposes of law libraries. In part that's because of Dave Hoffman's insightful post about these institutions. The bigger reason is that I'm on the library director search committee for one of the two law schools Dave mentions: the nascent Drexel University College of Law. (Reading between the lines: I will be joining Drexel Law this fall as an inaugural faculty member.) In this context, I've confronted an issue that is front and center for librarians - the rise of the digital collection....
I will do my duty in hiring a new library director who lives in the present, complies with ABA and AALS guidelines, and services the research needs of students, faculty, and lawyers. But I hope our new librarian won't be insulted if, once in a while, I wander off to one of those grand old libraries (will they soon call them book museums?) Drexel is only two or three blocks from the Amtrak station, and from there Providence is a straight shot. I'm not sure I need to browse Somer's newer oeuvre, such as Eat, Cheat and Melt the Fat Away, but a few quiet moments in the H.P. Lovecraft collection might do this boy good.
Posted by James Milles at 1:18 PM
Posted by James Milles at 12:45 PM
When I first became a law librarian, I was a LAW librarian. this was interesting, because when I was a lawyer, I was never an attorney, I was always a lawyer. I always demystified what I did, and always low-keyed my presentation to my clients (I was a Reggie fellow at legal services).
But after I got my MLS, and came to work at a law school library, I wrapped myself in the majesty of my law degree and flaunted my bar card. My legal credentials became more important to my self-identity than they ever were before. It was a very interesting transition. I got my JD first, then the MLS.
To society, and I guess to me, too, I stepped down in the world. Going from lawyering to librarianship seems like that to those who don't know better. But I know better now. I am so pleased to be a librarian, and know I was so lucky to have wandered into this profession. Staying in law would have been a death to me, if not literally, then morally and creatively. This profession is wonderful (except for those tiny details of pay level, public perception and the fact that you nearly always have to travel to move forward in your career).
So to all those true-blue feeling librarians, I am sorry if I got too pink there. I, too, have been where you may be now. I hope that, eventually, you will come to feel more comfortable, if not with the color, then with the ethos and nurturing side of our profession. That's what I mean with pinkness, mostly.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 9:59 AM
There is an ancient and mighty prayer attributed to St.Patrick, called the Breastplate of St. Patrick or the Deer's Cry, because it seeks protection. It is much longer than the part usuallly quoted. You can see the entire prayer by searching those terms on search engines or looking at http://prayerfoundation.org/st_patricks_breastplate_prayer.htm
I hope it will not seem sacrilegious to other Christians if I use the most-often quoted portion of that prayer here, and modify it to contemplate the place of pink and what it stands for in my life and in librarianship and in our world today.
I have previously written a blog page just on Pink itself and how I went through first a little girl stage of loving it, then an older girl stage of mistrusting how it appeared to be segregated. In our culture and time, the color pink has been used to stand for femininity, and all the good and also the bad that society attributes to that concept.
It means nurturing, caring, mothering. It means girls giggling and doing each others' nails and hair and sharing secrets. It means shopping, and having tea, and crossing your legs and wearing fingernail polish and hose and high heels and party dresses and lipstick. It means baking and cooking and taking care of people when they are sick. It means changing poopy diapers and getting up with croupy babies, even when it's not your turn. It means putting your career second even if you are the more talented or smarter one. It means obsessing about your weight and appearance. It means good things, but it also means bad things. It can also mean thinking twice about getting on an elevator if it's a dark hallway and the elevator has just one man on it you don't recognize. I am so glad I live and my daughter lives even more in a time when we are free to take the parts of Pink that we are comfortable with, and skip other parts. I wish we were free to skip the dark elevator part, too!
The thing about librarianship, nursing, secretaries, K-12 teaching and other positions that have become mostly feminine professions, is the men who take jobs in these fields get tinted pink, too. It isn't fair. It makes no sense. And if it happens, it should be a positive thing. For lots of reasons, it is a very good thing to have men in these professions. I certainly do not want to scare guys off from the field. But it is a truth that there is a shading in ignorant peoples' minds, and it would be unfair to hide it or say it was not true. I hope we can change that. I hope we can make the Pink of librarianship a positive for both genders, and remove the stigma for all of us. So, here is my version of a portion of St. Patrick's ancient prayer:
Pink bring caring with me, Pink before me, Pink behind me,
Pink bring caring in me, Pink beneath me, Pink above me,
Pink on my right, Pink on my left,
Pink when I lie down, Pink when I sit down, Pink when I arise,
Pink bring caring in the heart of every one who thinks of me,
Pink bring caring in the mouth of everyone who speaks of me,
Pink bring caring in every eye that sees me,
Pink bring caring in every ear that hears me.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 8:52 AM
Sunday, January 22, 2006
Read in the papers where a brave judge in Maryland, Circuit Judge M. Brooke Murdock struck down a 33 year old law against gay marriage Friday declaring it violates the state constitution's guarantee of equal rights. She stayed her order immediately so that the state's attorney general could appeal to the Maryland Appeals Court, which he did that afternoon.
So far, Massachusetts is the only state in the United States which recognized the right for gay couple to marry, since May, 2004. More than another dozen states have reacted to Massachusetts' Goodridge decision by approving constitutional ammendments banning gay marriage, while Vermont and Connecticut provide for civil unions for gay couples, but not marriage. It makes a difference if you know people who are affected by these decisions. If you know folks who have lived together faithfully through good times and bad, raising kids, but then find that when their partner gets taken to the hospital, they aren't the one called. It's the estranged family who long-ago washed their hands of the partner, who get the call, and probably won't call the loved one either. This is a civil right matter, and matter of fairness and kindness. Good luck to the folks in Maryland!
So, here is a little song parody I wrote, if you know the musical Oklahoma, this goes to the title song:
Massachusetts! (to the tune Oklahoma!)
They couldn’t pick a better time to start in life
It ain’t too early, it’s just about right.
Starting’ as a woman with a brand new wife.
Soon be fightin’ in a brand new fight –
Brand new fight,
Gonna be tight!
Gonna try amendments,
Statutes and the fed’rals.
Bringin’ in protesters,
Media, an’ in gen’ral
Makin’ a stink about our private lives.
Kickin’ up dust over little gay dives.
We won’t gripe if you choose life straight.
Why are you filled with such gay hate?
Mass – a -- chusetts,
Where our swans are Juliets it seems!
Where the SJC
Says gays can wed
And the cops can’t roust us out of bed!
Mass – a – chusetts!
Someday soon my honey lamb and I’ll
Raise a fervent prayer
We live someplace where
We can choose to walk a wedding aisle!
We know we owe a special debt
To the plaintiffs in the case that let
Eeowr! Supreme Judicial Court
Find our right to wed’s
A civil right, Mass -- a -- chusetts,
Mass -- a -- chu -- setts, Thank God!
The beautiful swans are courtesy of www.indianspringswildlife.org/
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 9:25 AM
Saturday, January 21, 2006
Greg at Open Stacks shares my frustration:
It's not a podcast unless...
I'm becoming mildly frustrated (don't have time to be more impassioned, sorry) by entities in the LIS world who slap some mp3s on their website and call it a podcast. After all, podcasting is about harnessing the power of syndication to distribute audio content, not just making audio content available.
I love that there is an mp3 of Barbara Quint's Searcher's Voice column. But sorry, folks: no feed, no podcast. What we're left with is misappropriation of a buzzword that misses the whole point of podcasting.
I just finished speaking with Chad about the new Alden Library Podcast Tour. When I see such a page, I expect there to be a feed for the audio content. Otherwise, I'm just staring at a cluster of audio files. In this case, there actually is a feed with the requisite enclosures, but it's the feed from their News Blog. We talked about some avenues for clarification and I'm confident that Chad will be fine-tuning the presentation in the forthcoming weeks. It's a laudable first effort and worth checking out.
But I can't stress enough that the magic of podcasting lies completely in the syndication. Not enough of our patrons understand this and the last thing we need to do is contribute to their misunderstanding.
Posted by James Milles at 11:47 AM
One thing law school librarians do very well is care and feeding of the students -- not literally, feeding, silly, but taking care of their bruised egos and psyches. For instance, many law school libraries offer special treats at exam time. At St. Louis University during my time there, Miss Searls made Christmas wreaths of hard candies that were put out for law students. Wow, talk about time-consuming! But the students certainly appreciated the candy. At Suffolk, we don't bother with the wreath, we just put hard candies into bowls, and offer it at both exam periods, along with disposable ear plugs. I have heard back from students, at least in favor of the candy, though the ear plugs go fast, too.
Last semester, Suffolk reference librarian Susan Vaughn had the inspiration to further reduce student stress by offering licensed massage therapists at those massage tables you see at airports. We tried to get the deans to spring for it, but they were unwilling, partly, I think because it was short notice, and the Dean of Students was not available right at decision time. So, I managed to raise the money from donations and we ran it, with music, two massage tables handouts and food, and drinks, on the nights before the two most stressful exams for the largest part of the student body. I was very impressed with the wide number of adminstrators and professors who were willing to chip in for the project. They were terrific. I hope in the future, it will be repeated, or something like it, supporting students at a terrible time. I had really forgotten just how awful it is to be a law student at exam time until I was talking with some of them. Wow! It took me back.
And now I am working on a project to add a little loveliness to the public ladies rooms in the library. They are decent enough in our new building, and kept quite clean. But there is no place in the building to buy tampons. The architects put great big machines in every single ladies' room to sell such things. But the deans decided they did not want to handle the money, I guess. So the machines sit there, empty, adding insult to injury, because they are not only empty, they also take up space that could be used for a shelf to put your stuff on, so you would not have to lay your books or purse on the floor (ugh!!). That creates a very small opportunity for a tiny table beneath those machines. I have bought some very pretty metal tables with tile tops, and cute enameled tin flower-pot holders. I have silk flowers for one side, and I have free tampons for the other. One week from this Sunday, I will be able to drive them down, and fix them up. I hope they fit -- they seem to from my measurements! I hope they look good and cheer the law students up.
I can't imagine what they guys would want in their bathroom. My husband the male librarians and friends have not been able to give me suggestions. We are giving all the public bathrooms small bottles of dish detergent to wash out their re-usable spill-proof mugs (I hope!). Maybe they'd like ice in the urinal. Hmmm.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 10:06 AM
Friday, January 20, 2006
Lance Query, Interim Director of the Tulane Law Library, today posted this message on the lawlibdir listserv. I am posting it here with his permission:
I appreciate Lance's willingness to respond to the concerns raised both in my earlier comments (here and here) and in Joe Hodnicki's comments on the Law Librarian Blog. I don't know how to account for the discrepancy in reports (were three people laid off or nine?), and I wish to respect the feelings of all involved. If any more reliable information comes my way I will share it here.
From: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.comDate: Jan 20, 2006 12:01 PM
Good morning, I am Lance Query, Interim Director of the Law Library at Tulane. I
have been acting in that capacity since May. I had planned to return to my day
job as Dean of Libraries and Academic Information Resources upon the
appointment of a Director of the Law Library, a position which reports to the
Dean of the Law School. Katrina intervened and the search for the director was
postponed. It is the intention of both the Dean and myself to recruit for a
permanent director, though conditions in New Orleans at this time make the
timing of the reposting unclear.
In the wake of the disaster, Tulane has redefined itself and has of necessity
reduced its number of faculty and staff. The Law Library was not exempt from
these reductions. Of a staff of twenty, three positions were eliminated: two
librarians and one staff member. The responsibilities of those positions have
been eliminatated or assumed by others under a reorganization of the library.
Under the reorganization I have named two assistant directors, one for services
and one for collections. Kim Glorioso (Koko) is now the Assistant Director for
Services and Charlotte Bynam is now the Assistant Director for Collections. We
have two vacant MLS/JD positions and two vacant staff positions which will be
filled after we've lived with the reorganization for a little while.
To those of you who have offered material assistance and expressions of support
during these difficult days, I offer heartfelt thanks on behalf of the entire
library staff. With a student return rate of around 90% and a faculty return
rate over that, we believe Tulane is in a strong position to return to not only
its position of academic excellence, but also to a leadership role in the
rebuilding the city of New Orleans and the region.
Posted by James Milles at 4:38 PM
So, here's the down-side of that lovely, nurturing pink of librarianship: we are chronically underpaid and under-valued. All you guy librarians are constantly mistaken for one another, too. I've seen it happen: It doesn't matter how tall or unlike each other you are, you don't have an individual identity. You've become a cypher by becoming a librarian. It's okay for women to be librarians, I guess. They seem to be able to tell us apart. But they can't seem to tell male librarians apart. I guess they can't look at your face.
Back to the money. Which I hate thinking about. There are all the things I like about librarianship. I really like the lifestyle. I really like the job. But, boy, it sucks rocks that people get paid less once they add that simple three letters on the end of their list of degrees, than they did before. We have librarians with a J.D. and an M.L.S., entering jobs in the very expensive city of Boston, MA, at $50,000. I don't think you could hire a lawyer for that, without the extra degree. Sheesh.
And I do believe the reason is that nobody from Human Resources has EVER, ever come to see what it is that librarians do. They don't know what anybody in my library does all day. They have never come to any library I have ever worked in.
I was just amazed to be told in a workshop some years ago that the correct practice to set salaries was to send out a questionnaire to each person, and then follow them in a job-shadowing for at least a full shift. In none of the libraries I have ever worked in have I ever seen this done. I have filled out one questionnaire, but never, ever seen an HR person in the library.
They think they know. And what they remember is from grade school, or the public library of their youth. Or maybe from movies or TV. And they all do it, and match their numbers against one another, and call it equity.
It is a PINK COLLAR GHETTO.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 1:18 PM
Our beloved cat, the little Lord Pumpkin, died last spring of throat cancer. In his last years, he graciously shared his household with a smallish dog (whom he trained exactingly), three guinea pigs (whom he pretty much ignored because they just sat around), and two parakeets. The parakeets were tough.
We believe in letting birds free-fly at least several hours every day. That mostly worked out because by that point in the little Lord's life, he liked to nap for more than several hours every day. But if he wanted to get up and the birds still thought it was flying time, that got, um, awkward.
Pumpkin understood perfectly that he should not grab at those birds. But all those cat instincts were very hard to control. And one of the birds had a suicidal urge to dive bomb the cat at his food dish, just to show him who was boss. (well, who was?) Poor Pumpkin!
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 7:56 AM
Thursday, January 19, 2006
This popped up on the Massachusetts Library listserve I monitor, aimed mostly at public librarians. This reporter groks librarians; give him a big dog biscuit and a kiss! Hooray! While he is aiming at public librarians, his comments apply to law librarians, and all different types, I think, too. There is, as I have said, a particular ethos to librarianship. Read on, my friends! I took the precaution of verifying the story did, in fact run in the Des Moines Register on October 23, 2005:
Our librarians, our heroes
From nabbing sex offenders to finding tough answers,
they're on the job
By MIKE KILEN
DES MOINES REGISTER STAFF WRITER
Sex offenders apparently aren't very well read. If
they were, they'd know not to mess with a librarian.
When a man grabbed a 20-month-old child and dragged
her to the men's room of the downtown Des Moines Public
Library earlier this month, police say the library staff
conducted a "masterful tactical response,"led by 35-year
library veteran Dorothy Kelley, hereafter called the
"field general." She barked orders, burst into the men's room
and grabbed the child while other staff members kept the
convicted sex offender, James Effler, trapped in the john.
Soon after, a plant was delivered to the library's front desk.
The attached card read: "To: The Hero Librarians. From:
The Des Moines mothers who are greatful." A kind gesture,
to be sure. But people, people. Greatful?
I'm sure they are grateful, but you don't want to mess with a
librarian on spelling.
These are tough folks. Forget the shushing,
bifocals-and-support-hose librarian. They don't like that image.
Librarians are people who endure fickle budget decisions, the
Patriot Act, the ever-changing information age and still have
time for random arrests.
They may be the most unusual public servant left in our time.
Where else can you pick up a telephone, avoid an enormously
lengthyphone tree, talk to a live person with a beating heart,
ask a question and get an answer, all in less than five minutes?
I'm not taken to nostalgia, but this is the equivalent of a
So here's what I wonder: Aren't these heroic reference librarians
about to be outdated, outsourced, out-Googled?
We live in an information age full of experts. Call
up a couple of Web sites, write a blog and join a
long list of blowhards who just repeat the
information they found surfing. A person who
does the grunt work and finds the original,
respected source of information is practically a
The reference librarian digs into dusty old
magazines that aren't online, rolls microfilm of
newspapers, flips through out-of-print books
and ancient city directories and collects tidbits
and scraps of a society amazed that everything
isn't entirely easy. Here at the Central Library in
Des Moines, reference librarians answered
315,000 reference questions last year.
Every so often, public officials get the idea of
cutting budgets. Five librarians were cut two
years ago at Central. But with good sense, the
positions have been restored.
Statewide, the number of librarians has increased -
from 1,263 in 1990 to 1,560 in 2004 - and the
number of reference questions answered hit at
an all-time high of 2,001,538 in 2003. The American
Library Association reports that the number of
reference questions to public libraries nationally
has increased every year from 1990 to 2002.
"As there gets to be more and more information,
people need to be smart about it," said Mary Wegner,
the state librarian."People have to learn to evaluate what
they find on the Internet. The librarian does that."
Think you're an expert, Googlehead? The Pew Internet
and American Life Project did a survey earlier this year
and found only one in six users of search engines can
tell the difference between unbiased search results and
We can enjoy our fancy bookstores, a new $32.5 million
downtown Des Moines library opening in April and a
complex home computer that promises information at our
But the reference librarian cuts through all the
information overload like a skilled surgeon.
If there is a tidbit of information on this planet
that begs for the light of day, they are there, maybe
not wearing a Superman cape, but a cardigan,
quickly drawing their "snag file" into action. It's a pile
of index cards with common or hard-to-find answers
To give you an idea, one card says only this: "The
correct spelling of portobello mushrooms."
Mushroom spellings. The altitude of Des Moines. The
corporate address of Ford Motor. In the pursuit of
accurate information, they never give up, never surrender.
"The America I loved," wrote Kurt Vonnegut in his
new book, "A Man Without a Country," "still exists in the
front desks of public libraries."
Say you're sitting there in your pajamas wondering
about some names for former President Ronald Reagan's dogs.
Type "Reagan's dogs" into Google and five Web sites
are listed. The first is a leasing company. The second is CNN
(bingo!), which after two minutes trying to load is a dead end.
The next two were personal blogs and the last was a message o
n a bulletin board. Time elapsed: Fiveminutes.
In the library snag file here it is: Lucky and Rex.
Say you're at a cocktail party wondering how many words end
These are all questions to be answered by the heroic Des Moines
Public Library staff. The 11 staff members with a master's in
library science have an average of nearly 19 years of experience.
Deborah Kolb has worked at the Central Library since
1972. She says that young people seem startled that everything
can't be found via Google. One student recently had to actually
visit the Central Library and be shown a relic - the Readers'
Guide to Periodical Literature - to look up old magazine
articles on Woodstock for a school report.
Others, she said, don't know that some Internet sites that
claim to be online encyclopedias are actually information
supplied by users.
Kolb won't let questions just drift away with flimsy sourcing.
Librarians tackle the answer as if they're subduing a sex offender.
"My lifelong dream is to be on 'Jeopardy'," she said.
Kolb loves the old building that has housed the
library since 1903. It's in her bones.
"You never know who is going to walk in those doors," she
said. "Everyone from kindergartners to people who sleep
under the bridge."
The librarian is really the headmaster of a great social
environment, maybe one of the few places other than
Wal-Mart where all socioeconomic classes mix. And it's a
rare place for poor people to get information. Librarians are
enormously proud of that. Maybe it's the humanity oozing
from all the great books that surround them.
Soon they will all move down a few blocks to the new
library on the west side of downtown. A modern library must
offer more access to computers - the number will jump from five
to 35 - and a coffeeshop.
The librarians will still be the library's heart.
People such as Pam Deitrick, a librarian who started working here
part-time in high school in 1969. When a parent dies, she helps the
grieving caller try to remember the name of the song he wants to play
at the funeral. When people get a diagnosis from their doctor, they call
her to ask what it is and how long they have. She'll pull out the
medical book, careful not to claim an expert status, and help them
Just then the phone rings. A caller wants to find a certain paint and
can't remember the name of the manufacturer. Don't ask me how, but
Deitrick found it in Pennsylvania. The library staff gleefully found the
answers to the words that end in gry: hungry, angry (OK, those were
easy), aggry (a type of ancient, variegated glass beads), meagry (having
a meager appearance), puggry (a light scarf wrapped around a head or
helmet for sun protection).
I thought this was a dying profession. I was wrong. Librarians are too
tough to die out. They have this special force. Information just finds
Nikki Hayter, 27, was in her third day of training at the Central
Library the day I visited. The older vets were showing her the ropes.
Her grandmother had been a librarian there long, long ago. Her dad
worked in the boiler room. She practically grew up in the place.
She was told to flip through a roll of microfilm just to see how it
works. She grabbed the first one off the stack. 1949. She zoomed through
the roll and randomly stopped on a photograph.
It just happened to be the engagement photo of her great aunt. In the
increasingly complex cosmos of information, something tells me
she has a great future as a reference librarian.
Copyright (c) 2005, The Des Moines Register.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 7:50 PM
Courtesy of Discourse.net:
Fred Shapiro of Yale Law School has kindly allowed me to reproduce the following question which he posted to a constitutional law professors' mailing list a few days ago:I apologize for diverting attention from the very important substantive discussion of the Alito hearings with a question about the sociology of legal scholarship that may be too much elite-law-school-inside-baseball for many on this list, but here goes:
I notice that the New York Times "News Analysis" about the hearings this morning quotes Cass Sunstein of Chicago, Jack Balkin of Yale, Vikram Amar of Hastings, Mark Tushnet of Georgetown, John Yoo of Berkeley, Noah Feldman of NYU, Douglas Kmiec of Pepperdine, Judith Resnik of Yale. It strikes me that no one from Harvard Law School is quoted, reminding me that I recently compiled data for a list of the most-cited law review articles of the last 10 years and found that Harvard Law School faculty figured on the list only minimally. I also found that none of the seven most-cited articles from that period were published in the Harvard Law Review, which has dominated all previous most-cited lists.
So I am wondering whether Harvard Law School may have in recent years dropped off the intellectual map of legal scholarship relative to its past position of great prominence? Does this ring true subjectively with any students of legal scholarship? (I realize that Harvard Law School may still kick ass in other aspects of its mission, such as training leaders of the bar or future Supreme Court justices or influencing the corporate world or influencing elites in foreign countries.)
There's more; read the whole posting. Among the comments:
I have intimate knowledge on the functioning of HLS; we'll leave it at that.
HLS has become too obsessed with its own dominance of the endowment race to effectively provide any service to the legal community. On a student level, the school exists to staff the Amlaw 100, with only a handful entering jobs with any connection to the public interest (including government jobs, which students are told to enter not for service, but as political ladders or experience before movement to private regulatory practice).
HLS further provides minimal support to public interest or academic or government minded students; in fact, in the past year HLS decided to (1) whine about financial difficulty to HLS while increasing tuition several thousand dollars (2) reneg on promises to students entering the military that the cost of their living in the barricks would not be considered "income" that would reduce future loan forgiveness and (3) explicitly rejected the idea of using legal scholarship to determine tenure, instead preferring arbitrary political "balance." As one student told me, "it's really easy if you're going to a big firm, but if you try something else, they turn on you."
Outside the Amlaw 100, HLS barely exists, which is surprising for a school of such a bloated size. Sure, Eliot Spitzer is HLS -- and so are the hundreds upon hundreds of Wachtell, Cravath, and Skadden lawyers he opposes every day. HLS has minimal enrollment and involvement in the plaintiffs, civil rights, technology, and international bars. There are a few superstar, publicly minded HLS grads who contribute, for better or worse, to their society, like Eliot Spitzer and Barrack Obama. But most of the big names -- Lawrence Tribe, Alan Dershowitz -- are known more for their neutrality on the important issues of the day (Tribe refused to finish his own ConLaw book!) than for particularly original thinking. Students go ga-ga for Cass Sunstein and Federal Judges go ga-ga for Chermerinsky; can you name a single HLS professor or administrator whose word on any issue would make any other intellectual take pause? So, Posner was top of his class at HLS. Does anyone believe he's contributed anything new to the field in the past few years, except for run-of-the-mill pop economics? And yet he introduced the last issue of the Harvard L. Rev. Pathetic.
The reasons for this are multivariate, but boil down to a few problems:
(1) Harvard University's horrific bureaucratic structure, which can turn even the best intentioned and most competent of people into evil drones. E.g., a single "dean" runs the academics and social life for the 1500+ HLS students. That's impossible. Period.
(2) The arrogance of power, which has lead HLS to value that at which it is good, which is having a large endowment. And they spend the money on... ice skating rinks and free coffee. That's nice -- how about reducing the >$180,000 debt load so students can do something other than AmLaw 100?
(3) The conservatism of the top, which has lead HLS to not take "risks" by encouraging its professors only to espouse boring, highly technical opinions on the issues of the day. When's the last time you heard a HLS professor say something that did not reflect a calculated guess of the status quo?
(4) The fact that there are very few selective pressures in its world. AmLaw 100 is more than happy to chew through hundreds of HLS students every year, even as studies (see Adam Smith, Esq. for more) show time and time again that the "leverage" model of law firm management is not the most profitable. Outside of that, it is extremely difficult for any student to turn down HLS, once of course YLS has turned them down. So HLS every year swallows up 500 top applicants and walks them down the beaten path of AmLaw 100; whaddyagonnado, turn down Hah-vahd?
Posted by James Milles at 12:38 PM
Democrats tried to link Abramoff to Republicans, the main recipients of his largesse, and insist that the only real solution was to vote them out of office next November.Go ahead. Read that sentence again, especially the highlighted bit. How're you doing with it?
I can just imagine other AP sentences:
"Democrats tried to link the Archbishop of Canterbury to the Church of England."Can I please get a reporter who can just report a fact as a fact?
"Democrats tried to link George Steinbrenner to the New York Yankees."
"Democrats tried to link Thomas Jefferson to the Declaration of Independence."
"Democrats tried to link mass to inertia."
Posted by James Milles at 10:48 AM
Wednesday, January 18, 2006
From the Ohio Legal Research Blog:Actually, one 13-year-old I know tells me he knows how to copy files from an iPod. Good thing lawyers are older than 13.
The U.S. District Court in Toledo is allowing the use of iPods by defense attorneys and their clients in a federal drug case. The Toledo Blade article ('Defense to use iPods to review evidence ...' Jan. 17, 2006) details the practical reasons for bringing iPods in for listening to over 100 hours of evidence:
* 13 CDs of wiretaps are condensed and downloaded into the iPods
* defendants are in scattered locations but can easily access the information
* the devices are easy to use and ensure that the recordings cannot be
reproduced, a concern of the court
* access to the devices are controlled out of the clerk's office in the
* the cost to the taxpayer is minimal as compared to other methods of
Posted by James Milles at 8:11 PM
You thought it would be easy
Sinking talons through gaps in
The carapace - long-practiced
At assessing prey.
What a shock! She grew
Sharp spikes where the
Scars used to be.
Ooh! by the way, this prickly thing is an echidna courtesy of Wikipedia's article on the critters.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 4:30 PM
The deputy dean of Tulane Law School has posted a response to Joe Hodnicki's blog entry, which I copy below, with Joe's response:
As the deputy dean of Tulane Law School, I have to add to this conversation. The information posted here about the Tulane Law School library, which came from a questionable source at a highly emotional time, is in many respects inaccurate and in most respects very misleading. It would require a book to explain the truth about the transition the law library has been going through over the past couple of years, after more than three decades with the same structure and director, a process greatly complicated by Hurricane Katrina and its devastating aftermath. Some senior position titles have been changed, but the jobs are still there and are occupied because the library has been restructured so that new supervisory positions (with new titles) now oversee all of the various functions. It is simply not close to being true that 9 people were fired from the library post-Katrina -- two were fired for cause pre-Katrina (and these positions will be refilled) and three positions that were not mission-critical were eliminated as a result of the storm. The search for a new director will be renewed next year. The University Librarian has done a fantastic job of helping us navigate the law library through this unimaginably difficult period, with the involvement of the senior law library staff. But he is anxious to return to his duties full-time in the main library, and it is simply wrong and irresponsible for anyone to suggest that he is attempting some type of coup to take over the law library. And as for the endowment of the University, 95% of it is restricted to generating income that can only be spent for specific designated purposes. A university cannot lawfully spend its restricted endowment on operating expenses or repairing hurricane damage. Restructuring and downsizing were essential if Tulane is maintain its position as a preeminent institution of higher learning. It's discouraging after all we at Tulane have been through the past five months to get the university and law school back and running as a viable and excellent institution, after suffering from the greatest natural disaster in U.S. history, then to have people damage us more with inaccurate and misleading claims.
Editors note: My source was hardly emotional, but I can excuse Dean Robert's ad hominem argument because I would like to invite the dean to write his "book" about the truth right here on this blog. - Joe Hodnicki
Posted by: Gary Roberts | Jan 17, 2006 3:31:30 PM
I'll repeat the comment I added to an earlier posting: "I understand that the law school had other priorities, but law schools always have other priorities. If they don't take an aggressive stance to preserve their library, nobody is going to do it for them."
Posted by James Milles at 4:01 PM
Voyager has crossed into
Fragile messenger, perhaps
Ill-conceived, with a map:
“Here is where to find
My home world!”
Ticking away, patiently,
Until somebody picks it up.
Until somebody decodes the
Cares enough to come
How can we imagine
We are ready to meet
Minds from other worlds?
We deal so ill-ly with
Blue whales, Massai warriors,
Women, gays, the disabled,
African gray parrots and
We had better practice!
January 15, 2006
The image of the gold "message in a bottle" as NASA likes to refer to the plaque, is from http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap960629.html. The image of the Voyager 2 is from nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. I was surprised how hard I found it to get a nice NASA press statement about this watershed event, Voyager 1 passing beyond our outermost solar system into true interstellar space. I found this brief entry on a British site, http://www.nmm.ac.uk/server/show/ConWebDoc.19931, and a referral back to the NASA/ JPL home page, http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/. The most helpful page was a story dated in September noting that Voyager 1 passed the Heliopause, where the "solar wind smashes into the thin wind between the stars." If that isn't evocative, I don't know what is. Boy, those astrophysicists get me every time with the beauty of the universe!
So, hold onto your metaphorical hats; we've invited the universe to our house. It seemed like such a good idea when Carl Sagan pitched it in the 1970's. I guess it will take a while for the guests to get here, so we've got a while to clean up and learn to act right. Or, alternatively, get our guns polished and our wills finished.
It does give you some perspective on the end of librarianship, I guess.
Posted by Betsy McKenzie at 11:39 AM